Archive for the ‘why is there evil in this world?’ Category

REFLECTION: In the beginning…

Wednesday, November 27th, 2013

 

In the beginning, at the onset of time, God created out of nothing.  Out of nothing, He created all that was to be in five days, and on the 6th, He created “man”, male and female, in His image and likeness.  In each living creation, God placed a seed and to each of its kind, He blessed and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number.” Genesis 1:22  To the ones He created in His image he said, “Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.   Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so.”  Genesis 1: 28-30

Why didn’t God reign over the world He created?  Why did He give man reign over all?  Was He expecting to be too busy or, did He think He would not be able to cope with it?  The Catholic Catechism explains…

“God is the sovereign master of his plan. But to carry it out he also makes use of his creatures’ co-operation. This use is not a sign of weakness, but rather a token of almighty God’s greatness and goodness. For God grants his creatures not only their existence, but also the dignity of acting on their own, of being causes and principles for each other, and thus of co-operating in the accomplishment of his plan.

To human beings God even gives the power of freely sharing in his providence by entrusting them with the responsibility of “subduing” the earth and having dominion over it.  God thus enables men to be intelligent and free causes in order to complete the work of creation, to perfect its harmony for their own good and that of their neighbors. Though often unconscious collaborators with God’s will, they can also enter deliberately into the divine plan by their actions, their prayers and their sufferings.  They then fully become “God’s fellow workers” and co-workers for his kingdom.” (Paragraphs 306 – 308, Catholic Catechism, Simplified Version)

Although man and beast were created on the 6th day, it is man, alone, who was created in friendship with God.  It is to him that God had given the ability to share, through knowledge and love, in God’s own life.  Man was not created to be something, but he was created to be someone.  He was given the capacity of self-knowledge, of self-possession and of freely giving  of himself and entering into friendship with another.  It is to man, alone, that God has given the grace to enter into a covenant with his Creator… to offer Him a response of faith and love.

Adam and Eve, our first parents, were created in an original “state of holiness and justice” and it was in this state of holiness that they were able to share in the divine life.   As long as man remained in the divine intimacy, he would not have to suffer or die.  The inner harmony of the human person, which today’s society so longs for, the harmony between people and the harmony of the first couple and all creation comprised the state called “original justice”.

God’s gift to man of “mastery” over the whole world was realized within man himself… mastery of self.  Man had integrity.  He was given the ability to correctly order his internal powers according to reason and will.  He had self-dominion.  He had self-control.  The first man was unimpaired and ordered in his whole being because he was free from the triple concupiscence, the 3 evils… “sensual lust, enticement for the eyes and a pretentious life” 1 John 2:16

Then, evil crept in.  Evil didn’t happen by chance.  Evil didn’t happen by an over-sight nor an error on God’s part.  Evil entered when angels, who were created good by God, made an irrevocable, free-willed choice to reject God… not in error, but because of pride.

Thrown down from Heaven, the devil and all the adversaries were furious and they wanted revenge.   Not wanting God’s other creations to enjoy His love and His companionship, the devil immediately targeted Adam and Eve, the first humans on planet earth.   Man succumbed to the deceit of the Evil One… exchanging the truth of God for a lie, serving the creature rather than the Creator.  Since then, man has been subjected to love the world in selfish, disordered ways:  feeding his flesh with pleasures; feeding his eyes with the world’s possessions; and feeding his spirit with his pride.   Until Jesus’ second coming, the devil and his adversaries will continue to prowl around the world seeking the ruin of souls. (1 Peter 5:8)

”But why did God not create a world so perfect that no evil could exist in it? With infinite power God could always create something better. But with infinite wisdom and goodness God freely willed to create a world “in a state of journeying” towards its ultimate perfection. In God’s plan this process of becoming involves the appearance of certain beings and the disappearance of others, the existence of the more perfect alongside the less perfect, both constructive and destructive forces of nature. With physical good there exists also physical evil as long as creation has not reached perfection.

(Angels and…) Men, as intelligent and free creatures, have to journey toward their ultimate destinies by their free choice and preferential love. They can therefore go astray. Indeed, they have sinned. Thus has moral evil, incommensurably more harmful than physical evil, entered the world. God is in no way, directly or indirectly, the cause of moral evil.  He permits it, however, because he respects the freedom of his creatures and, mysteriously, knows how to derive good from it:  For almighty God. . ., because he is supremely good, would never allow any evil whatsoever to exist in his works if he were not so all-powerful and good as to cause good to emerge from evil itself. “(Paragraphs 310-311 Catholic Catechism)

So was that it?  Did God abandon man, allowing the devil free reign over the world while leaving man with no recourse?  Let’s examine Genesis 3…

“Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?” 

The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’” 

“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.

“When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it.  She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.  Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.

Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.  But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”” Genesis 3:1-8

Did you read that?  God didn’t throw a bolt of lightning to annihilate Adam and Eve, but instead, God walked through the garden calling out for them.

He (Adam) answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”  And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” 

The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.” 

Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” 

The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals!  You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.  And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”

To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children.  Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”

To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.  It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.  By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” Genesis 3:10-19

Just as the devil and his adversaries were thrown down from Heaven as a result of their free willed choice to turn away from God, Adam and Eve, too, were held accountable for theirs.  Although Adam and Eve were punished, the devil (in the form of the serpent) was cursed for tempting mankind.

“And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” Genesis 3:15

“Genesis 3:15 has a prophetic nature to it, for there is a promise in the future of redemption, that someone (Jesus) will crush the head of the serpent.  God’s judgement upon the serpent contains a promise of ultimate victory through the woman by her offspring. This concept is developed in a spiritual sense throughout Scripture and the Fathers of the Church.”

Just as God walked through the garden calling out to Adam and Eve when they had sinned,  God calls out to us when we, in turn, choose to turn away from Him.  We attempt to hide, but He waits patiently for us to return.  He loved mankind too much to leave us where we were at and so, just as He declared in the beginning in Genesis 3:15, He sent His Son, Jesus, to die on the cross for the sin of the world, redeeming each one who welcomes Him into their life and He brings each one back to the heart of the Father.

God blesss,

Melissa – November 16, 2013

References:

http://www.cftministry.org/resources/articles/article_why.html – Why Did God Create
Humanity?
http://biblescripture.net/First.html – GENESIS 3:15 -THE PROTOEVANGELIUM OR “FIRST
GOSPEL”

http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p1s2c1p4.htm  – The Catechesis of
Creation